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3 in 1 word of the day: Gökkuşağı

gokkusagi

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Funny Turkish for English speakers

Very funny! How a conversation about drinking ayran (Turkish diluted salted yoghurt) in Turkish might sound in English:599377_447913915242140_636774767_n

Turkish version:

Ayran içtin mi? (Did you drink ayran?)
Evet, içtim. (Yes, I drank)
Ayran içmek istiyorsan, iç. (If you want to drink ayran, drink)
Hayır, demin içtim. (No, I have just drunk)
Kaç bardak içtin? (How many glasses did you drink?)
On bardak içtim. (I drank ten glasses)
Vay hayvan vay! (Oh you animal!)

Photo: Turkish Memes-Facebook [1]

6. Cases-İsmin halleri

child-writing-story

Turkish has six grammatical cases:

1. The Nominative -Yalın  Hal (Nominatif)

  • Used for subjects and indefinite objects
  • Answers to the questions: Kim?/Who? ; Ne?/What?
  • No suffixes

Exemples: Bana bir kalem ver, lütfen. -Please, give me a pen.

Güneş parlıyor. -The sun is shining.

2. The genitive- Genitif

  • Denotes possession
  • Answers to the question: Kimin?/Whose?
  • Suffixes: -(n)ın,-(n)in,-(n)un,-(n)ün

Exemples: Çocuğun kitabı- the child’s book

O araba benim.-That car is mine.

3. The dative- Datif

  • Expresses an indirect object or goal, movement to or towards the noun
  • Answers to the questions: Nereye?/ Where (to)?; Kime?/Whom?
  • Suffixes: -(y)e, -(y)a

Exemples: Eve gidiyorum.-I’m going home.

Orhan’a anlat.-Tell Orhan.

4. The Accusative- Akuzatif

  • Expresses a definite direct object
  • Answers to the questions: Kimi?/Who?; Neyi?/ What?
  • Suffixes: -(y)ı,-(y)i,-(y)u,-(y)ü

Exemples: Sözlüğü kullanıyorum.- I’m using the dictionary.

Kediyi gördüm.-I saw the cat.

5. The locative-Bulunma Hali

  • Expresses the place of action
  • Answers to the questions: Nerede?/Where?; Ne zaman?/When?
  • Suffixes: -de,-da,-te,-ta

Exemples: Annem mutfakta.-My mother is in the kitchen.

Çocuk bahçede.-The child is in the garden.

6. The ablative- Ablatif

  • Expresses the place (from which) or cause of action
  • Answers to the questions: Nereden?/ From where?; Neden?/Why?
  • Suffixes: -den,-dan,-ten,-tan

Examples: Okuldan geldi.-He came from school.

Kitaptan öğreniyorum.-I’m learning from the book.

Bibliography:

  1. Linghea, Ghid de conversație româno-turc cu dicționar și gramatică, Timișoara, 2011
  2. Jeroen Aarssen, Ad Backus, Colloquial Turkish : The Complete Course for Beginners Colloquial Series, Taylor & Francis Routledge, 2001

Photo: [1]

Duygular. Aşkistan’dan sevgilerle

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“Aşk bir seferdir. Bu sefere çıkan her her yolcu, istese de istemese de tepeden tırnağa değişir. Bu yollara dalıp da değişmeyen yoktur.” (Love is a journey. During the journey travellers change from top to toe whether they want or not. No one can travel into love and remain the same.) Elif Șafak-Așk, Rule 12

Today I’m inviting you in a unique journey  to Aşkistan, the Land of Love. We will speak its language and learn the recipe of love. Are you ready?

If yes, open your heart, close your eyes and spread your love all around.We need it, we live it. Because love makes us human. Love creates the Good and chases the Bad away. Love prevents us from hurting others. Love draws smiles on our faces and in our souls. Love is happiness. Love is compassion and empathy. Love takes care of others. Love wipes the tears away. Love creates beauty… We can neither enjoy nor recognize the true beauty of nature or people without watching them with the eyes of our hearts. Love is understanding and discovery. We fall in love with moments, places, people…  We fall in love with life. It’s easy, free and beneficial. So what’s the recipe? Love is usually buried in negative feelings, from sadness, hate to egoism, jealousy. All you need to do is to take a hoe and dig it up!

  • Whenever you feel sad add a pinch of smile to your day and you’ll feel better
  • If you hate somebody, remember that you are the one who suffers the most from hate! If someone hurts you, forgive him/her and free yourself from negative feelings.
  • Unfortunately we are all egotists to a certain degree, loving ourselves more than others. Act contrary! Help others as often as possible and the egoism will fade away gradually in the light of the happiness you create to others. You will definitely feel better when seeing the smile on your mother’s face after you cleaned up, the satisfaction on that poor puppy’s face after feeding it, the gratitude of your colleague when helping him/her, the sparkles in the eyes of a homeless child when feeding him, playing with him or teaching him to read or count… There are so many things you can do!
  • Are you jealous on other people’s success or happiness? Then contribute to them! Help them to become more successful and happy. This way you’ll learn to be happy for others!

Now let’s learn some useful words/ expression you’ll need in Așkistan:

  • așk, sevgi-love
  • duygular-emotions, feelings
  • biraz sevgi göstermek-show a little love
  • gerçek sevgi-real love
  • seni seviyorum-I love you
  • sevmek-to love
  • sevgi bütün kalpleri yumuşatır– love makes all heart gentle
  • fall in love-aşık olmak
  • yürek, kalp-heart
  • kalbini açmak-open one’s heart
  • dünyayı daha iyi bir yer haline getirmek– make the world a better place
  • gülmek-smile
  • gülümsetmek-make someone smile
  • mutluluk-happiness
  • mutlu olmak-be happy
  • mutlu etmek-make happy
  • mutlu son-happy ending
  • merhamet-compassion
  • eşduyum-empathy
  • özen göstermek-take care
  • ruh-soul
  • bencillik-egoism
  • bencil-egotist
  • kıskançlık-jealousy
  • kıskanç-jealous
  • üzüntü-sadness
  • üzgün-sad
  • sinir, öfke-anger
  • sinirli-angry
  • gözyaşı-tears
  • acı çekmek-to suffer

 

Photo by: Kessie from Brighton

5. Haydi zamirleri öğrenelim! Let’s learn the pronouns!

09cf6108b3ff4f2a74b8394995a23c4accafe20f34001_570Merhaba! Ben İulia! Sen Kimsin? Bu ne? Bu benim Türkiye ve Türkçe ile ilgili blogum. Sen Türkçeyi neden öğrenmek istiyorsun? Türkçe öğrenmeye ne zaman başladın? Nasıl öğreniyorsun? Türkçe düzeyin nedir? Kendine iyi bak ve zamirleri öğren!

Hello! I am Iulia! Who are you? What is this? This is my blog about Turkey and Turkish language. Why are you learning Turkish? When did you started to learn Turkish? How do you learn? What is your Turkish level? Take care and learn the pronouns!

Şahıs Zamirleri-Personal Pronouns
Ben-I
Sen-You
O-He, She, It
Biz-We
Siz-You
Onlar-They

İyelik Zamirleri- Possessive Pronouns
Benim-My
Senin-Your
Onun-His, Her, İts
Bizim-Our
Sizin-Your
Onların-Their
The possessive pronoun can be expressed by the following suffixes in accordance with the vowel harmony:
Pronoun     Suffixes                                                  Exemples
my               -(i)m, -(ı)m, -(u)m, -(ü)m                  Babam, kalemim
your             -(i)n, -(ı)n, -(u)n, -(ü)n                      Baban, kalemin
His,her,its  -(s)i, -(s)ı, -(s)u, -(s)ü                         Baba, kalemi
our               -(i)miz, -(ı)mız, -(u)muz, -(ü)müz   Babamız, kalemimiz
your              -(i)niz, -(ı)nız, -(u)nuz, -(ü)nüz       Babanız, kaleminiz
their              -ları, -leri                                             Babaları, kalemleri

İşaret zamirleri- Demonstrative Pronouns
Bu– This
Şu-That (between this and that, far but visible)
O-That

Soru zamirleri- Interrogative Pronouns
Kim?-Who?
Nasıl?-How?
Ne?-What?
Ne kadar?-How much? How many?
Kaç?-How many? (used usually for numerals)
Hangi?-Which?
Niçin? Neden? Niye?-Why?
Ne zaman?-When?

Dönüşlülük zamirleri-Reflexive pronouns
Kendim-Myself
Kendin-Yourself
Kendisi-Himself, Herself, Itself
Kendimiz-Ourselves
Kendiniz-Yourselves
Kendileri-Themselves

Bibliography:
1. Linghea, Ghid de conversație româno-turc cu dicționar și gramatică, Timișoara, 2011

Photo: [1]

4. Formation of plural nouns in Turkish

let-me-sleep
Sadece bir İstanbul… bir çok renk, duygu, kedi…
(Only one Istanbul… many colours, emotions, cats…)

Let’s break the myth of lazy Saturdays and learn the Turkish plural! In Turkish the plural is formed by adding the suffix –ler or -lar in accordance with the little vowel harmony.

Therefore:

Ev (house)-evler (houses)
Balık (fish)- balıklar (fishes)
Kedi (cat)- kediler (cats)
Kitap (book)- kitaplar (books)
Mektup (letter)- mektuplar (letters)

Exeptions:
Harf (letter-alphabet)- harfler (letters)
Saat (hour)- saatler (hours)
Kalp (heart)- kalpler (hearts)

Many Turkish greetings are expressed by using the plural:
İyi günler!– have a nice day!
İyi akşamlar!– good afternoon/evening!
İyi geceler!– good night!
İyi yolculuklar!-have a nice journey!
İyi şanslar!- good luck!
İyi eğlenceler!- have a good time/ have fun!
Mutlu yıllar!-happy anniversary!
Mutlu bayramlar!-happy hollidays!
Renkli rüyalar!-Sweet (literary colourful) dreams!
Tebrikler!- Congratulations!

Other uses:
• Collective nouns: aile (family)- aileler (families)
• Personal nouns: Mehmetler (Mehmet and his family/friends)

! We don’t use plural suffixes with numerals and other words expressing quantities!
• Bir kalem (one pen)
• İki kalem (two pens)
• Çok kalem (many pens)
Exeptions:
• Üç Silahşorlar– The Three Musketeers
• Yedi Cüceler– The Seven Dwarfs
• Kırk Haramiler– The Forty Thieves

Image: http://www.wallpaperhi.com/Animals/Cats/istanbul_sea_let_me_sleep_21171
Bibliography:
1. Rosita D’Amora, Corso di Lingua Turca, Hoepli, 2012

 

 

3. Learn to count in Turkish!

200264414-001You already know the Turkish Alphabet, now it’s time to learn the numbers!

Numbers- Sayılar

1- bir
2- iki
3- üç
4- dört
5- beş
6- altı
7- yedi
8- sekiz
9- dokuz
10- on

20- yirmi
30- otuz
40- kırk
50- elli
60- altmış
70- yetmiş
80- seksen
90- doksan
100- yüz
1.000- bin
1.000.000- bir milyon
1.000.000.000- bir milyar

Numbers from eleven are built by spelling out the tens, followed by the digits
11- on bir
12- on iki
13- on üç
24- yirmi dört
568- beş yüz altmış sekiz
2.500.000- iki milyon beş yüz bin

The Ordinals:

In Turkish the ordinals are formed by adding the -(i)nc(i) suffix and respecting the great vowel hamony and in some cases the consonant hamony. If you missed the lesson about the vowel and consonant harmony click here.

1st- birinci
2nd-ikinci
3rd-üçüncü
4th-dördüncü
5th- beşinci
11th- on birinci
20th- yirminci
30th-otuzuncu
100th- yüzüncü
1.000th- bininci
1.000.000th- milyonuncu
Bibliography:
1. Rosita D’Amora, Corso di Lingua Turca, Hoepli, 2012

Image: http://preschooler.thebump.com/should-toddler-able-count-1474.html